“The king of the fruits”, mango fruit is one of the most popular, nutritionally rich fruit with unique flavor, fragrance, taste, and heath promoting qualities making it a common ingredient in new functional foods often called “super fruits”.
Mango is one of the delicious tropical seasonal fruit and believed to be originated in the sub-Himalayan plains of Indian subcontinent. Botanically, this exotic fruit belongs to the family of Anacardiaceae, a family that also includes numerous species of tropical fruiting trees in the flowering plants such as cashew, pistachio…etc.
Mango is a tropical tree cultivated in many regions of India and now distributed wide across the world in many continents. Usually, fruits grow at the end of a long, string like stem, with sometimes more than one fruit to a stem.
Each fruit measures 5 to 15 cm in length and about 4 to 10 cm in width, and has typical “mango” shape, or sometimes oval or round. Its weight ranges from 150 gm to around 750 gm. Outer skin is smooth and is green in un-ripe mangoes but turns into golden yellow, bright yellow or orange-red when ripen depending on the cultivar.
Internally, juicy flesh has orange-yellow in color with numerous soft fibrils radiating from the husk (enveloping a single large kidney-shaped seed). Flavor is pleasant and rich, and tastes sweet with mild tartness. A high quality mango fruit should feature no or very less fiber content and minimal sour taste. Mango seed may either has a single embryo, or sometimes polyembryonic.
It’s the season of mangoes and most people relish this seasonal fruit but how many of you know the health benefits of eating mangoes. So this article is precisely to make you aware of the many health benefits of eating Mangoes.
Mangoes are perfect to replenish salts, vitamins and energy after physical exercise.
The famous Unani physician Hakeen Hashmi teaches that mangoes strengthens and invigorates the nerve tissues in muscles, heart and brain and other parts of the body.
The enzymes of the Mango, such as magneferin, katechol oxidase and lactase, clean the bowel of the “filth” within and are an ideal antidote for all toxic effects inside the body. They provide also sufficient resistance to fight any germs and afflictions.
Hartwell claims in his book “Plants Against Cancer,” that the phenols in mangoes, such as quercetin, isoquercitrin, astragalin, fisetin, gallic acid and methylgallat, as well as the abundant enzymes, have healing and cancer-preventing capacities. In gall bladder cancer a protective effect of mango consume has been proven (Pandey).
Mangos contain also a lot of tryptophan, the precursor of the “happiness-hormone” serotonin.
A pap made of Finger millet (Eleusine coracana), kidney beans (Phaseolus vulgaris), peanuts (Arachis hypogoea), and mango (Mangifera indica) has been proven to be a good complementary food for children of weaning age. It meets the vitamin and energy requirements of children of 6-24 months of age at three servings a day and at the FAO average breast-feeding frequency (Mbithi-Mwikya)
Mangiferin from the leaves has been reported to possess antiinflammatory, diuretic, chloretic and cardiotonic activities and displays a high antibacterial activity against gram positive bacteria. It has been recommended as a drug in preventing dental plaques.
Mangiferin shows antiviral effect against type I herpes simplex virus which could be useful in anti-herpes ointments (Unani Herbalist).
The bark of the mango tree contains 16 – 20% tannin and also mangiferine. It acts ad stringent and is believed to possess a tonic action on the mucous membrane. It is anathematic, useful in hemoptysis, hemorrhage, nasal catarrh, diarrhea, ulcers, diphtheria, rheumatism and for lumbrici. It is also used in diphtheria and rheumatism (Unani Herbalist).
The FAO estimates, that about 250 Million people – mainly small children and pregnant women – are threatened by vitamin A deficiency. Lack of vitamin A is associated with malnutrition and leads to break down of body defense and partial or full blindness (Xerophthalmia). Dysenteria or measles complications and mortality decreases significantly when vitamin A is given. The WHO advices the supply of vitamin A in every case of measles.
Vitamin A plays an important role in the development of the placenta and the fetus. It influences the growth, the metabolism of skin, mucus membranes, teeth and retina.
Mango is an excellent natural source for pro-vitamin A; the content rises even after being picked before ripening (Aina). Improving the consumption of mangoes would cover the needs of the population in third world countries (Favaro). The content of carotenes is very high also in the dried fruit, and retains high levels over at least six months after harvest (Pott).
The following mango remedies are partially adopted from the Unani medicine system:
Taking Mango regularly makes the complexion fair and the skin soft and shining
Because of it’s content in Vitamin C and Calcium the Mango tightens the capillary vessels and prevents oder cures bleedings of inner parts.
Burnt ashes of Mango leaves applied on the burnt parts give quick relief
Children’s eating soil
Feeding the powder of dried kernel of Mango seeds with fresh water cures the habit of eating soil in kinds
Sun dried Mango leaves powdered, 2-3 x a day half a teaspoon with water
Roast a ripe Mango on hot sand in a pan. Draw out the the juice of this Mango eliminates all the bronchial congestion and gives relief in cough. According to Hakeem Hashmi sucking the juice and not eating cut mangos is better for health and some note of caution about Mango eating
Paste of Mango roots applied on palms & soles cures fever
Gall & Kidney Stones
Dried and powdered Mango leaves, 10g a day in water (kept overnight in a tumbler) helps throwing stones out
In India a decoction of the mango peel is given to people with inflammation of the stomach mucus membranes.
Mental Weakness over come with mango juice
Mango contains a lot of glutamine acid – an important protein for concentration and memory. Taking _ cup sweet Mango juice with 25 grams curd and tsp. Ginger juice 2 or 3 times a day controls loose motions. Boil 20 grams powder of Mango bark in a liter of water and reduce it to 250 gram. Taking this decoction with 1 gram of black salt cures diarrhea.
A pregnant woman should eat at least one mango a day – the calcium and magnesium of the mango relaxes the muscles, relieves stress and prevents abortion.
Dried Mango seeds is a good toothpaste, strengthens the gums and helps in curing dental problems foul smell pyorrhoea
Some say that the fruit which Eva picked from the tree of recognition was a mango. Couldn’t it be like that?
Mangoes are a rich source of Iron
Patients suffering from anemia are recommended to consume mangoes regularly. Women lose a large amount iron during their monthly period, so mangoes are a rich source of iron and should form a composite part of your daily diet. In case of pregnancy as well, eating mangoes could be good for your health as well as the babies.
Mangoes can help in prevention in Acne
Mangoes help in relief from acne by helping in unclogging of congested skin pores. Clogged skin pore results in the formation of acne, so all you need to do to benefit from its property is to apply mango slices on the skin area that needs to be cleared up and leave it for about 10 minutes, after which rinse it with warm water.
Mangoes are high in Antioxidants
Like any other fruits Mangoes are high in antioxidants, which benefits our lives in many ways. BY regular intake of Mangoes, you will be able to fight cancer and heart diseases. Patients suffering from high blood pressure and high cholesterol can benefit from eating food that are rich in antioxidants.
Mangoes can boost you sex life
Mangoes contain vitamin E which works to regulate and boost you sex hormones. Vitamin E is said to be one of the most beneficial vitamins in order to boost your sex life. SO in order to boost your sex drive, eat plenty of mangoes regularly.
Mangoes offer anti-inflammatory properties which benefits the body in plenty of ways. It can reduce pain from diseases such as arthritis. Because of the anti-inflammatory properties, mangoes can also relief from symptoms of asthma.
Summary of the Health benefits of eating Mangoes
- Phenols are presents in Mangoes, and this compound phenol has strong antioxidant and anticancer capacities.
- Mango Fruit are rich in iron, thus patients with anemia and pregnant women are advised to consume it regularly.
- Eating mangoes helps in relieving congested pores of the skin.
- Patients suffering from acidity and weak digestion can benefit from the consumption of mangoes.
- It is a fruit which is low in carbohydrates and is an rich antioxidant.
- The rich source of vitamin A (beta-carotene), E and Selenium present in Mangoes helps in protection from heart diseases and other problems.
- Mango fruit is rich in pre-biotic dietary fiber, vitamins, minerals, and poly-phenolic flavonoid antioxidant compounds.
- According to new research study, mango fruit has been found to protect against colon, breast, leukemia and prostate cancers. Several trial studies suggest that polyphenolic anti-oxidant compounds in mango are known to offer protection against breast and colon cancers.
- Mango fruit is an excellent source of Vitamin-A and flavonoids like beta-carotene, alpha-carotene,and beta-cryptoxanthin. 100 g of fresh fruit provides 765 mg or 25% of recommended daily levels of vitamin A. Together; these compounds are known to have antioxidant properties and are essential for vision. Vitamin A is also required for maintaining healthy mucus membranes and skin. Consumption of natural fruits rich in carotenes is known to protect body from lung and oral cavity cancers.
- Fresh mango is a very rich source of potassium. Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids that helps controlling heart rate and blood pressure.
- It is also a very good source of vitamin-B6 (pyridoxine), vitamin-C and vitamin-E. Consumption of foods rich in vitamin C helps body develop resistance against infectious agents and scavenge harmful oxygen free radicals. Vitamin B-6 or pyridoxine is required for GABA hormone production in the brain. It also controls homocystiene levels in the blood, which may otherwise be harmful to blood vessels resulting in CAD and stroke.
- Copper is a co-factor for many vital enzymes, including cytochrome c-oxidase and superoxide dismutase (other minerals function as co-factors for this enzyme are manganese and zinc). Copper is also required for the production of red blood cells.
- Mango Peel are also rich in phytonutrients, such as the pigment antioxidants like carotenoids and polyphenols.