Molybdenum: The important mineral for regulating the pH balance in the body.

There are very small amounts of molybdenum in the body, but it is a very important mineral. Molybdenum is very important to the enzyme systems and is necessary for many enzyme systems to work. Molybdenum plays an important role in 2 enzymatic reactions. They include aldehyde oxidase which is necessary for the oxidation of fats, and xanthine oxidase necessary for the movement of iron from liver reserves and converting nucleic acid to uric acid (waste product eliminated in the urine). Molybdenum assists the body by fighting nitrosamines, which are associated with cancer, may prevent cavities and may help to prevent anaemia. It is needed for normal cell function and nitrogen metabolism. With these qualities, there might be evidence of antioxidant properties in this nutrient.

Molybdenum is absorbed through the intestines and stored in the liver, bones, and kidneys. It is required for proper growth and development, the metabolism of fats and nucleic acids, metabolism of nitrogen, copper, and sulfur, and normal cellular functions. Cofactor in enzymatic systems involved in the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, proteins, sulfur-containing amino acids, nucleic acids (DNA, RNA) and iron. Helps prevent cavities. Cancer-preventative (esophagus, stomach), helps detoxify or eliminate harmful sulfites from the body.


Molybdenum is a very important mineral for regulating the pH balance in the body. For each one tenth of a pH point difference,  the oxygen level in the blood may increase or decrease by ten times. Although molybdenum helps to induce sleep, it also helps promote a general sense of well being.  With molybdenum’s ability to change the body’s pH, it is very beneficial in the treatment of many severe illnesses. in helping to control viruses and parasites. A high amount of molybdenum in the body could interfere with the absorption of copper


Molybdenum deficiency may include acne, allergies, anemia, anthrax, asthma, athletes foot, bells palsy, bladder infection, cancer, candida, canker sore, cavities, colds, flu, depression, diabetes, e-coli, eczema, Epstein Barr virus, liver damage, sclerosis, lupus, Lyme disease, multiple sclerosis, obesity, parasites, prostate infection, and ringworm.

Humans require very small amounts of molybdenum, and deficiency appears to happen only under the rarest of circumstances.

Food Sources :  legumes, such as beans, peas, lima beans and lentils; grains, such as barley and buckwheat,  leafy vegetables; sunflower seeds,  whole grains and nuts. However, the amount of molybdenum in plants varies according to the amount in the soil.

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Inositol : The vitamin that promotes healthy brain development and function, and works closely with choline to move fats out of the heart and liver.

Inositol, which also goes by the name cyclohexane, is a glucose isomer, which has an important role to play in the body. It is said to be a member of vitamin B complex. Myo-inositol is used by the body to form phospholipids, which are incorporated into the brain and other tissues.

Inosital aids in the metabolism of  fats. It is good for regulating hormone function and controlling cholesterol.  Inositol is found in Vitamin B complex and is used in the body’s cell membranes. Inositol helps with the transportation of fats throughout the body and also helps neurons communicate better with the body’s nervous system.

Inositol and choline combine to produce lecithin, a type of lipid that is needed to form healthy membranes for every living cell in the body. Lecithin helps keep the brain, heart, and liver healthy, and aids in the absorption of thiamin (vitamin B1) and vitamin A. Inositol protects the arteries against cholesterol and hardening. It helps in production of healthy cells in the bone marrow, intestines and eye membranes. Inositol is important for hair growth.  A very important use of inositol is prevention and treatment of cancer. It helps diabetic patients to improve nerve conduction. If taken in moderate amount, it helps serotonin, a neurotransmitter, which is important to fight depression.

Inositol Benefits

  • Inositol is vital for hair growth.
  • Choline and inositol combine to produce lecithin which helps to prevent high cholesterol.
  • inositol is said to have a calming effect on the nervous system and is therefore being studied for a possible treatment for nerve related illnesses such as depression, panic attacks and Alzheimer’s disease.
  • Premature babies with respiratory distress symptoms are given inositol and it has been show to reduce death and disability.
  • Inositol compounds have demonstrated qualities needed in the prevention and treatment of cancer.
  • An inositol supplement can help to improve nerve conduction velocities in diabetics. Inositol can be used to treat constipation due to its stimulating effect on the muscular action of the alimentary canal.
Inositol deficiency  cause poor liver function, arteriosclerosis, constipation, hair loss, high cholesterol, irritability, mood swings, and skin eruptions.
Although the consumption of large amounts of caffeine may cause a shortage of inositol in the body, deficiencies of choline are rare. Nevertheless, heavy coffee drinkers should probably consider taking supplemental inositol.
How does the body produce its own supply of inositol? Bacteria in the intestines convert the phytic acid found in plant fibers into inositol, so the body is able to manufacture its own supply of this substance. Inositol is also found in a variety of foods containing myo-inositol.
 Vegetables and fruits that are particularly rich in inositol are almond, cabbage, beans, garbanzo beans, leafy green vegetable,  lentils, legumes, peanuts, seeds, sprouts, tomatoes, oats, onion, wheat,  zucchini, nuts, cantaloupe, bananas, raisins, oranges and other citrus fruits

Choline : Essential for proper liver function, metabolism of fats and proteins and nerve functions

English: Drawing comparing how a brain of an A...
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Choline is a chemical similar to the B-vitamins, and is often lumped in with them, is necessary for proper liver function, metabolism of fats and proteins and nerve functions.  It was only relatively recently that choline was officially classified as a vitamin and an essential nutrient. Its RDA was established for the first time in 1998.  However, its key benefits have been known since the 1930s, when it was found to prevent fatty build up in the liver.

Choline is also good for the brain.  It has been established that choline is necessary for optimal cognitive function.  It is a basic nutrient needed for the production of acetylcholine, the signaling molecule or neurotransmitter that is essential for many brain and nerve functions.  Choline is extremely important in brain and memory function, and is helpful in treating Alzheimer’s. Choline prevents gallstone formation, high blood pressure, atherosclerosis, kidney damage, nephritis, glaucoma, and myasthenia gravis. It is also used in the treatment of bipolar depression (manic depression).

CHOLINE BENEFITS & FUNCTIONS

  • constituent of lecithin (phosphatidylcholine), a key building block of cell membranes, important for cell formation and tissue growth and repair
  • needed for proper functioning of cell membranes, to allow passage of nutrients and waste products in and out of cells
  • needed for production of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, a chemical that is vital for many brain and nerve functions; is being experimented with for improving neuromuscular function in Alzheimer’s disease
  • essential for optimal brain functioning, learning and memory
  • needed for nerves to interact with muscles
  •  may help nervous system disorders like epilepsy or Parkinson’s disease
  • regulates the gallbladder and helps prevent gallstones
  •  regulates liver function, helps eliminate toxins, and is beneficial for liver damage related to hepatitis and cirrhosis
  • for fat and cholesterol transport and metabolism as an energy source
  •  natural lipotropic agent that minimizes excess fat in the liver
  • converts homocysteine in the blood to other substances, which lowers its level and helps prevent cardiovascular problems
  •  preliminary research shows that, in combination with betaine, may help reduce chronic inflammation linked to disorders such as osteoporosis, heart disease, brain decline, Alzheimer’s disease, and type II diabetes

Deficiency Symptoms

  • impaired fat metabolism and transport, which hinders fat from being an energy source, and is symptomized by decrease in blood levels of VLDL (Very Low Density Lipoprotein) which the liver uses to transport fats
  •  fatty build-up in the liver, which may lead to fatty degeneration of the liver, cirrhosis, and liver damage
  • raised levels of cholesterol or triglyceride (a type of fats)
  •  high blood pressure (hypertension)
  • high levels of homocysteine in blood, leading to risk of heart disease and other cardiovascular and circulatory problems
  •  respiratory distress in newborns or nerve degeneration or nerve-muscle imbalances due to insufficient acetylcholine, the neurotransmitter that cannot be made without choline
  • anemia arising from lack of red blood cell formation, as a cell membrane component, phosphatidylcholine, needs choline for its production
  •  kidney hemorrhage or kidneys unable to concentrate urine, due to insufficient phosphatidylcholine
  •  abnormal bone formation
  •  impaired growth in newborns
  •  fatigue
  •  insomnia
  • infertility
  •  as choline is critical for brain function and intake decreases with age, deficiency might lead to impaired memory or brain function or senile dementia (shortage of acetylcholine in the brain has been associated with Alzheimer’s disease)
Choline Foods sources
banana, cauliflower, flax seed, leafy green vegetable, legumes, nuts,  oranges, peanuts,   potatoes , seeds, tomatoes, vegetable oils and whole grains
Choline is  found abundantly in lecithin , egg yolks are equally rich. Blackstrap molasses is also a rich source of choline.  Lecithin (usually derived from soybeans) ·soybeans and soybean products.  Sunflower lecithin contain 25% more lecithin than soy lecithin.
 Lecithin helps the body digest absorb, and carry fat and fat-soluble vitamins in the bloodstream. It helps less fat and cholesterol to be deposited in the arteries and liver. Without it, the arteries become clogged, leading to hypertension and cardiac problems. Lecithin is not only essential for fat metabolism, but is needed for the synthesis of nucleic acids (DNA and RNA).
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