Carnosine is a non-essential amino acid and is a combination of two other amino acids – alanine and histidine. It is found naturally in tissues like the muscles and brain, but its concentration in the body lowers with advancing age. Carnosine is an antioxidant and protects the cells in the body from free radical damage. Carnosine was discovered by Russian chemist V.Gulevich Researchers in Britain, South Korea, Russia and other countries have shown that carnosine has a number of antioxidant properties that may be beneficial.
Carnosine has been proven to scavenge reactive oxygen species (ROS) as well as alpha-beta unsaturated aldehydes formed from peroxidation of cell membrane fatty acids during oxidative stress. Carnosine is a potent antioxidant which protects the body against free radical damage, by stopping the damaging effects of the free radicals before they can cause any ill health effects, such as heart disease and cancer. Carnosine gives the immune system a big boost and strengthens the cells, making them less likely to get infected. Carnosine combines with heavy metals and it also combines with toxic by-products of metabolism and eliminates them safely from the body without doing further damage.
Many studies have shown that carnosine has a very protective effect on the heart, by ensuring that it stays healthy and free from disease.A recent study has found that carnosine (or its constituent amino acids beta-alanine and -histidine) may prevent atherosclerosis which is endemic in many diabetes patients. The study showed that carnosine prevented LDL (“bad”) cholesterol build-up in the arteries of the diabetic patients which is the prime factor
for developing atherosclerosis
Carnosine benefits and functions
- Carnosine is an antioxidant and protects against free radicals. As an antioxidant and cell protector it speeds up cell replacement. By speeding cell replacement and providing much needed antioxidants to the body.
- Carnosine chelates metals in the body
- Carnosine has a protective effect on the heart
- Carnosine may prevent diabetes-induced atherosclerosis
- Carnosine protects against diabetic kidney disease
- Carnosine is effective at reducing cataracts
- Provides an effective cure for ulcer when combined with zinc
- A recent study has determined that carnosine can enhance frontal lobe function or be neuroprotective, with possible anticonvulsive effects. The study followed 31 children with autism, to determine if carnosine supplement had any effect on behaviour. The outcome showed that the children did display significant improvements in behaviour according to various autism rating scales.
- Carnosine has shown significant improvement in the following conditions: aging, cell stem production, memory, ADHD, autism, skin care, high blood pressure, low blood pressure, bone health, arthritis, muscular condition, and may increase life span.
- Carnosine may enhance the skin complexion keeping it fresher and younger looking. This is an anti-aging amino acid, again, an attribute often applied to bee products and royal jelly. As an amino acid, it may help improve hair and nail condition.
- It is a catalyst to other nutrients, improves blood flow, and has been shown to stall and possibly prevent asthma, migraine and septic shock.
- It may help boost memory and aid in fighting Alzheimer’s, protect the body from harsh cancer treatments, bind itself to harmful metal compounds and deactivate them, and protect the body’s cells from harmful free radicals.
Carnosine deficiency normally does not occur in healthy people. In general, carnosine deficiency can occur when a person has a genetic defect that prevents normal transport and synthesis of carnitine. In addition to
this, certain people can be predisposed to a carnosine deficiency:
- People on low protein diets
- People who are malnutrition-ed or starving
Symptoms of carnosine deficiency include:
- Decreased muscle tone
- Developmental delays (in infants and children)
- Mental retardation (in infants and children)
- Nervous tissue degradation
- Carnosine is very abundant in protein-rich foods. Some common examples of such foods include milks, eggs and cheese. However, the best food sources of carnosine include beef, poultry and pork products.
- People who want to increase their carnosine consumption should focus on eating more food from these categories.
- Some protein-rich vegetarian sources foods also supply alanine and histidine which include avocado, beans, bran, brewer’s yeast, brown rice, corn, legumes, mushrooms(white, raw), nuts, seeds, watercress, whole grains and sea vegetable like spirulina and laver
- Histidine : The essential amino acid that is significant in the growth and repair of tissues. (blissreturned.wordpress.com)
- Alanine : The amino acid that helps the body to convert glucose, a simple sugar, into energy and also helps the body to eliminate excess toxins from the liver. (blissreturned.wordpress.com)